In adolescence food is vitally important, because it increases the nutrient needs to address the many physical, sexual and psychological changes experienced at this stage. They usually begin at approximately 10 years to reach age 20.
Without that input energy, could cause disturbances and health problems that can be easily prevented with a healthy, varied and balanced diet, accompanied by a little exercise.
Characteristics of adolescence
In general terms we can divide adolescence into two stages:
From 10 to 13 years (first phase).
From 14 to 18 years (second phase).
This is a very difficult period, due to the speed with which the physical, psychological and emotional changes occur, so you need to take special care from the nutritional point of view.
Wear proper nutrition is so vital that, if not achieved, can bring problems such as poor physical development, or diseases such as anorexia or bulimia.
It is therefore essential to know guide the teen about good eating habits and explain what to eat and how many meals can be performed throughout the day. Also keep in mind that it is difficult to determine a unique ideal for all adolescents diet because the real needs of each person depends on many factors such as:
Intellectual effort they make.
Changes at puberty
pubertal growth spurt
We refer to the speed increase physical changes. The spurt that occurs in adolescence is important for the final height, since in this period is acquired from 40 to 50% of the final weight, 20% of adult size and up to 50% of skeletal mass.
Changes in the anatomy
Specifically, the distribution of body fat. The distribution of body fat is different, depending on sex. On children of lean tissue, that is, increases skeletal and muscle. The girls mostly accumulate more fat in different areas of the body.
Developed changes are not constant but vary by individual, causing different nutritional needs, not related to the actual age of the individual but to the particular demands of each, giving more in boys than in girls.